2017年02月09日

英国陶芸の父、バーナード・リーチ





Edmund de Waal, British ceramic artist and Professor of Ceramics at the University of Westminster,2011 Order of the British Empire (OBE) for Service to the Arts,worked on a monograph of Leach, researching Leach’s papers and journals in the archive room of the Japanese Folk Crafts Museum,his book ” Bernard Leach” was published in 1998. ”Rethinking Bernard Leach”: Studio Pottery and Contemporary Ceramics, with Kenji Kaneko was Published in 2007. De Waal noted that Leach did not speak Japanese and had looked at only a narrow range of Japanese ceramics、but it was not true. He did not know about years in Abiko artists colony leading Yanagi Muneyoshi.

Attracted by the Prussian philosopher and art scholar Dr. Alfred Westharp, who at the time was living in Peking, Leach moved to Peking in 1915. There he took on the Name 李奇聞 (for "Leach"), but returned the following year to Japan. – It was the year 1919, when young Hamada Shoji visited Leach for the first time. Leach received a kiln from Kenzan and built it up in Yanai's garden and called it Tomon-gama. Now established as a potter, he decided to move to England.

In 1920, before leaving, he had an exhibition in Osaka, where he met the potter Kawai Kanjiro. In Tokyo, a farewell exhibition was organised

Leach was instrumental in organising the only International Conference of Potters and Weavers in July 1952 at Dartington Hall, where he had been working and teaching. It included exhibitions of British pottery and textiles since 1920, Mexican folk art, and works by conference participants, among them Shoji Hamada and US-based Bauhaus potter Marguerite Wildenhain. Another important contributor was Japanese aesthetician Soetsu Yanagi, author of The Unknown Craftsman. According to Brent Johnson, "The most important outcome of the conference was that it helped organize the modern studio pottery movement by giving a voice to the people who became its leaders…it gave them [Leach, Hamada and Yanagi] celebrity status…[while] Marguerite Wildenhain emerged from Dartinghall Hall as the most important craft potter in America."


But in fact the people he was spending time with, and talking to, were very few, highly educated, often Western educated Japanese people, who in themselves had no particular contact with rural, unlettered Japan of peasant craftsmen".

Writings (selected)
•1940: A Potter's Book. London: Faber & Faber
•New edition, with introductions by Soyetsu Yanagi and Michael Cardew. London: Faber & Faber, 1976, ISBN 978-0-571-10973-9
•1985: Beyond East and West: Memoirs, Portraits and Essays. New edition, London: Faber & Faber (September 1985), ISBN 978-0-571-11692-8

Honours
•Japan Foundation Cultural Award, 1974.
•Companion of Honour, 1973 (UK).
•Order of the Sacred Treasure, 1966 (Japan).
•Commander of the Order of the British Empire, 1962.


Souce ;https://alchetron.com/Bernard-Leach-1273834-W
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